The union says the ballot comes after talks broke down over an offer of a three per cent pay increase.
It is also fighting for greater remuneration for specialist skills associated with using new technology.
The chapel sought mediation with ACAS but that move broke down when the two sides could not agree on the way forward.
The ballot, which will ask about strike action and industrial action short of a strike, affects 34 members at Newsquest titles including the York Press and Gazette & Herald. Ballot papers will be sent out tomorrow.
The union’s assistant organiser Jenny Lennox said: “The members in York are very frustrated by Newsquest’s reluctance to fulfil their previous pay promises.
“They are refusing to negotiate with the chapel, won’t allow a full-time official to attend negotiations and are even refusing to allow ACAS to help resolve the issues through conciliation.
“We sincerely hope that the Newsquest management will enter into meaningful negotiations soon and any action can be avoided.”
The company, which has been informed of the ballot process, declined to comment on the developments.